Afrolatinx practitioners of espiritismo incorporate their own creolized beliefs, rituals, and ancestors into the séance, and transcription continues to be an important element of extending spiritual work with the dead. This article presents the development of puerto rican spiritism (espiritismo) and its central ideas before illustrating the significance of espiritismo for puerto ricans. Today, santeria and variants of espiritismo infused with afro-caribbean elements are fixtures of the religious landscape palo monte, santerismo, sance, and other african-american religions occupy important niches, too. A structuralist analysis of puerto rican santería among the many religious phenomena that have come to the attention of anthropologists is the syncretism of african and catholic belief systems in the caribbean.
For a description of the form of el indio in representational art associated with this belief system, see judith bettelheim, caribbean espiritismo (spiritist) altars: the indian and the congo, 87. Hidden powers of state in the cuban imagination kenneth routon published by university press of florida ralph a 1993 “the moral economy of witchcraft: an essay in comparative history” in modernity and its malcontents: ritual and power in “caribbean espiritismo (spiritist) altars: the indian and the congo” art bulletin. This essay investigates different kinds of storytelling found in afro-cuban religions the term interorality describes how narrators and audiences interact, collaborate, and help construct the meaning of narratives.
Of the religious formations to have crystallised during the transatlantic slave trade, espiritismo continues to be among the most popular while most previous studies of its cuban and puerto rican-style ceremonies have approached them as either a type of health care or field of cultural resistance, this article analyses spiritist services as theatres of conversion for those not already. In all cases, espiritismo has absorbed various practices from other religious and spiritual practices endemic to latin america and the caribbean, such as roman catholicism, curanderismo, afro-brazilian macumba, santería, and vodou. Altar making is an essential part of the veneration of santa muerte, as it is in many “noninstitutionalized religions” including african diasporan traditions like santería, vodou, and espiritismo51 altars dedicated to her can be arranged in a number of ways, but always have some sort of depiction or representation of santa muerte as the. Religious cults of the caribbean download religious cults of the caribbean or read online here in pdf or epub please click button to get religious cults of the caribbean book now all books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so don't worry about it. Vodou-syncretism in the caribbean vodou-syncretism in the caribbean revival movement in jamaica, espiritismo and the various spritist sects in puerto rico, umbanda in brazil, and maria lionza in venezuela at its center is a poteau-mitan a pole where the god and spirits communicate with the people an altar will be elaborately.
The goddess maria lionza is the highest deity in an altar of three, although she is lower than christ (1) the other two deities of the 'trinity' are guaicaipuro (an indian chief murdered by the spanish) and el negro felipe ('the black philip', a black slave also murdered by white masters. Espiritismo ( portuguese and spanish for spiritism) is a term used in latin america and the caribbean to refer to the popular belief that good and evil spirits can affect health, luck and other aspects of human life espiritismo and spiritualism espiritismo shares many of its fundamental concepts with 19th century spiritualism as was practiced in the united states. Aphrodite essays (examples) margarite fernandez and lizabeth paravisini-gebert creole religions of the caribbean: an introduction from vodou and santeria to obeah and espiritismo (1714-94), who was a mediocre sculptor specializing in altars with low reliefs and statues in late baroque style such as crespano in 1770 antonio became an.
Such is the case in the drawing saludos de la madama or salutations from the madam, where the ritual of setting the white table and the glass of water to invoke the spiritual entities, a practice common in afro-caribbean espiritismo, is accomplished through the presence of the madama herself. There are also cuba-centered chapters by art historian judith bettelheim, “espiritismo altars in puerto rico and cuba: the indian and the congo,” and carrie viarnes, “muñecas and memoryscapes: negotiating identity and history in cuban espiritismo. In turn, gagá has become increasingly enrolled in state-sponsored folkloric spectacles for locals and tourists alike and is the latest signifier of santiago’s distinctive pluri-cultural identity and pan-caribbean heritage. This essay proceeds by first examining the term transculturation as itself a product of the caribbean it then considers four cases of religious transculturation: cuba, jamaica, saint vincent, and brazil.
This essay will explore from a historical point of view the coordinates legitimating the contention that new york city is an important hispanic cultural center. These yield extensive material forms—dolls, statues, photographs, altars, vessels, and consumables in this article i ask whether understandings of the “substance” of spirits are tied to, or yield, concepts of the self, and vice-versa. Crossing the water: a photographic path to the afro-cuban spirit world [claire garoutte, anneke wambaugh] on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers in the summer of 2000, two award-winning photographers, claire garoutte and anneke wambaugh, were researching afro-cuban religious practices in santiago de cuba.
Espiritismo has become a distinct branch of popular religion in puerto rico and cuba, which is not the case for haiti or the dominican republic see judith bettelheim, “caribbean espiritismo (spiritist) altars,” art bulletin 87, no 2 (2005): 312–30. In essays focused on cuba, haiti, jamaica, martinique, puerto rico, trinidad and tobago, and the wider anglophone caribbean, the contributors explore the fields of power within which caribbean religions have been produced, modified, appropriated, and policed. The caribbean (/ ˌ k ær ɪ ˈ b iː ə n, k ə ˈ r ɪ b i ə n /, locally / ˈ k ær ɪ b iː ə n /) is a region that consists of the caribbean sea, its islands (some surrounded by the caribbean sea and some bordering both the caribbean sea and the north atlantic ocean) and the surrounding coasts. Espiritismo was counter to all catholic beliefs santeria garments and altars: speaking without a voice jackson, mississippi: university press of mississippi, 1994 this essay appeared in a composite of essays focusing on african traditions present in the americas.
Espiritismo ( portuguese and spanish for spiritism) is a term used in latin america and the caribbean to refer to the popular belief that good and evil spirits can affect health, luck and other aspects of human life. “crossing the water is an amazing book that takes you on a wondrous journey into the world of santería, palo monte, and espiritismo claire garoutte and anneke wambaugh have gone the extra mile to document the religions honestly and with a healthy respect for the participants and their beliefs. Find this pin and more on espiritismo,santeria,ifa by mileyby the arawak indians were the dominant tribe in the caribbean in their territory is spread throughout various islands in the caribbean and some parts of central america. The book features illustrations of altars, shrines, and tools along with detailed descriptions of their cultural significance and practical application in rituals and customs derived from empirical research, this sourcebook provides reliable information taken from ethnographic fieldwork, police reports, and interviews with practitioners.